On Advaita Vedanta: The real glory of Nachiketa

Acharya Prashant
8 min readApr 20, 2022

The following excerpt is from a samvaad (dialogue) session with Acharya Prashant.

Questioner (Q): In Katha Upanishad, the young boy Nachiketa attained the highest wisdom and immortality by the virtue of dispassion and the firm resolve to know the Truth. Kindly speak on the virtues of determination and dispassion that Nachiketa had.

Acharya Prashant (AP): Yes, obviously Nachiketa had determination and dispassion, but do not think of that as merely the stuff this boy exhibited in front of the death god. It is common for readers to say that Nachiketa’s fearlessness and glory lie in standing unperturbed in front of death. Not quite so.

The story of Nachiketa is more flesh and blood. The story of Nachiketa is more like our own story. And if it is more like our own story, then we have to keep the encounter with the death god aside for a while and look at the more mortal aspects of Nachiketa’s story.

Nachiketa is a mere boy, dependent on his father. And he has the honesty and the guts to go to his father and say, “Of what use is all this that you are doing? Who will benefit from these old and sick and milkless cows?” I assure you, that was more difficult than facing Yamaraja.

We glorify Nachiketa’s encounter with Yamaraja and that keeps things safe for us. “Glory to Nachiketa who stood unflinching in front of Yamaraja!” Nice — because we very well know that this encounter is a myth. We very well know that we will never have the occasion in our own life to stand face to face with the death god, at least not in the way the Upanishad narrates. We all will die, in that sense, we all will face the death god one day, but not in the way Nachiketa faced, not in the way of having a conversation in words and sentences.

So, nice and safe. Say, “Glory to the one who can stand unflinching, unflappable in front of Yamaraja!” I will put it differently: Glory to the one who is dependent on somebody close to him and yet has the guts to utter the truth and the guts to leave his home. That’s where Nachiketa’s glory really lies.

Yamaraja is fictitious. What danger is there in facing fiction? Nachiketa’s father is not fictitious. There is great danger in facing someone real, especially when you are dependent on that…

Acharya Prashant